Many people emphasize so much on fall protection and prevention to an extent that rescue is always forgotten. Although calling 911 is part of a detailed rescue plan, it is not sufficient explanation. Every company must have a detailed rescue plan that every worker must be aware of and trained in. From a positive point of view, a good rescue plan done according to OSHA fall protection guidelines can avert crisis and limit exposure to risks.
1. Understand what a fall rescue plan is: Detailed rescue plans are procedures planned beforehand to ensure that the organization can retrieve a person who falls from elevated work surface and suspended in a suspended in a full body safety harness. The plan includes use of ropes, winch, davit arm as mechanical aids or using self-rescue methods. You must document this plan according to OSHA fall protection requirements.
2. Rescue sections: A rescue section is not required if your fall protection plan does not have fall arresting components. However, it is a good approach to rescue plan and works to serve your workers, so ensure you have one even if the protection plan does not have fall arrest components.
3. Prompt rescue: OSHA fall protection does require that the rescue be prompt in the event of a fall. If you are planning a rescue, ensure the victim does not hang vertically in a harness as he or she can lose consciousness. Make sure to understand suspension trauma level of the victim, make sure the rescue equipment such as portable ladders and other advanced rescue equipment mentioned above are available.
4. Take care: Rescues can be dangerous, whether you are using simple equipment such as portable ladder, or the most advanced equipment. Hence, they should be planned appropriately. 60 percent of confined space fatalities are would-be rescuers, indicating the necessity of training employees for confined space rescue.
5. Understand types of rescue techniques: These include non-entry which do not require the rescue team to enter the confined space but to use a winch or rope; entry by others where the company calls local fire department or third party emergency rescue teams to carry out rescue; and entry by trained employees of the company where the employees do it (they should be trained and have CPR certification).